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Psychoanalysis and MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator)

Human psychology is something humanity is yet to wrap their heads around and comprehend to
its fullest. As in the theory of relativity and turbulence, a vague explanation is all that was
proposed. Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who proposed a theory that
humans experience the world through four principal psychological functions – sensation,
intuition, feeling, and thinking (each of which has a polar orientation as introversion or
extroversion) – and that one orientation of each of these four functions is dominant for a person
most of the time. Based on this theory, Katherine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs
Myers described 16 personality types, created from analysis of a large population of common
folk.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a questionnaire designed to identify the personality
type a person belongs to. MBTI is said to give a more “structured” approach to Jung’s
psychological types which were loosely based on clinical observation.
Jung predicted the existence of two pairs of dichotomies, the Rational functions( thinking and
feeling) and the Irrational functions( sensation and intuition), which was used to develop the 16
personality types. These 16 personality types are represented as an abbreviation of four letters-
each word corresponding to the dominant characteristic of each function where,


 The first letter is either E (Extroversion) or I (Introversion)
 The second letter is either S (Sensing) or N (Intuition)
 The third letter is either T (Thinking) or F (Feeling)
 The fourth letter is either J(Judgement) or P (Perception)


((2*2)+(2*2)+(2*2)+(2*2))=16 personality types


Dominant characteristics of the 16 types:
ISTJ - The Inspector
ISTJs are known to be organized and disciplined with excellent planning skills. They are well
respected among peers and appreciated for their serious and committed nature. They make
logical decisions rather than following their heart. They prefer the company of themselves and
this contributes to their ability to make decisions based on facts rather than feelings.
Famous people of this type:
George Bush, Elizabeth II, Warren Buffet


INFJ - The Counselor
INFJs are artistic, creative and perceive this world with tons of opportunities and are passionate
about their ideas and dreams. They prefer being connected to people’s feelings and are tactful,
helpful and cautious.
Famous people of this type:
Oprah Winfrey, Nelson Mandela, Mel Gibson


ENTJ - The Commander

ENTJs are born leaders who see every challenge as an opportunity to flourish. Being self-
confident extroverts, guiding and organizing people comes naturally to them. Belonging to the
‘Thinking’ category, they focus on the current task and prioritize thoughtful actions.
Famous people of this type:
Bill Gates, Jim Carrey, Harrison Ford


ISFP - The Composer
ISFPs are brave explorers who love fiddling with new ideas. They love aesthetics and beauty.
They are active, creative introverts committed to people’s feelings and prioritize contributing to
their happiness.
Famous people of this type:
John Travolta, Steven Spielberg, Marie Antoinette


ISFJ - The Nurturer
ISFJs are considerate, loyal and unselfish making them great companions. They are altruists,
meeting kindness with kindness in excess. Though they are introverts, they get along well with
people. They remember people and details rather than facts.
Famous people of this type:
Mother Teresa, Michael Caine, Louisa May Alcott


INTJ - The Architect
INTJs form just 2% of the population and it is difficult for them to find like-minded people. INTJs
are intellectual and consider gossip as mundane. They are the most cynical as well as the
most imaginative people. Characterized as “bookworms”, they are fond of books, art and
movies.
Famous people of this type:
C.S.Lewis, Jane Austen, Issac Newton


INTP - The Logician
INTPs are creative, inventive and are intellectuals with a vivid imagination. They are the
“dreamy professors”, who have proposed some of the most brilliant theories. They find everyday
activities too insufficient for their creative minds. Overcoming self-doubt is their biggest
challenge.
Famous people of this type:
Carl Jung, Albert Einstein, Abraham Lincoln


ENTP - The Debater
ENTPs are honest and tireless in arguments. Their only challenge is understanding the
sentimental perspective of arguments.They’re excellent at brainstorming, impeccable thinkers
and are very energetic.
Famous people of this type:
Walt Disney, Nikola Tesla, Tom Hanks


INFP - The Mediator
INFPs are optimists who seem calm and reserved. They are often guided by logic and are good
at connecting with and understanding people.They are passionate, open to new ideas and are
idealist themselves.
Famous people of this type:
William Shakespeare, Audrey Hepburn, Helen Keller


ENFJ - The Protagonist

ENFJs are leaders who are very passionate towards self-improvement. They have a hard time
making decisions, are altruistic and are often selfless and sensitive. ENFJs are passive when it
comes to friendship but show interest in getting to know people.
Famous people of this type:
Johnny Depp, Ben Affleck, Matthew McConaughey


ENFP - The Campaigner
ENFPs are enthusiastic, charming, energetic and add positive vibes to the surroundings. They
are often referred to as “free spirited” and approach everyday activities with compassion and
anticipation.
Famous people of this type:
Robin Williams, Dr.Seuss, Mark Twain


ESTJ - The Executive
ESTJs are organized people. They are reliable and highly value stability and security. They are
dedicated in whatever they do and consequently strong-willed. Sometimes, this ‘strong-willed’
characteristic can come off as arrogant and stubborn. They immensely value their social image
and consider their peer group as an important part of their day-to-day life.
Famous people of this type:
Andrew Jackson, Bette Davis, W.H.Harrison


ESFJ - The Consul
ESFJs are the popular people,and make up 12% of the population. They pay special attention to
their looks, social status and value spending time for social gatherings. They are not interested
in history, books and ideas of any sort unlike the INTPs. They enjoy a certain amount of control
over their immediate surroundings.
Famous people of this type:
Sally Field, Danny Glover, Nancy Kerrigan


ISTP - The Virtuoso
ISTPs are the curious and creative people who always discover new opportunities and enjoy
building something out of nothing. They are the mechanics and engineers who learn by trial and
experience. They are seen as “tomboys” and seem to appear simple at first sight.
Famous people of this type:
Tom Cruise, Clint Eastwood, Bruce Lee


ESTP - The Entrepreneur
ESTPs are the most influential people, similar to the ESFJs. ESTPs enjoy fairly intellectual
conversations but prefer to keep the surroundings cheerful and energetic. They tend to live in
the moment making it difficult for them to concentrate on a task for a long time.
Famous people of this type:
Madonna, Bruce Willis, Donald Trump


ESFP - The Entertainer
ESFPs are fond of rejoicing life and enjoying the moment. They are the most spontaneous
people and love encouraging other people to come out of their shells. They love the spotlight
and entertaining people. They also have a good sense of fashion and consider their appearance
as an important part of themselves.
Famous people of this type:
Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Pablo Picasso

Are you curious to find your type?
Take the test in the link below:
https://www.16personalities.com/free-personality-test

SOURCES:
https://www.16personalities.com/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myers%E2%80%93Briggs_Type_Indicator
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Jung#Key_concepts
https://www.personalityperfect.com/16-personality-types/

Tagged in : intovert, types, Personality, extrovert, psychology,